Mentors

Inspirio : Breathing in Spirit, Thought & Visions of Many

John (Nelson) Wanamaker (July 11, 1838 to December 12, 1922) was a Quaker religious leader, civic and political figure, considered by some to be the father of modern advertising Wanamaker was born in Philadelphia, PA. In 1861, he opened his first store in Philadelphia. In 1869, he opened a second store about 6 blocks away. In 1875, he purchased an abandoned railroad depot and turned it into a very large store, called The Grand Depot. Which, historically was the first modern department store in the western world. In 1910, he created John Wanamaker a 12-story, full square block building and dedicated it to President William Howard Taft. During his life, Wanamaker, created a reputation for honesty, brilliance, and scholarship, and caring for people.

He gave his employees free medical care, education, recreational facilities, pensions and profit-sharing plans before such benefits were considered standard, as well as doing what he could to advance the rights of Afro-American and Native American citizens. His social inventions produce an endless list. He basically created the modern post office. Wanamaker’s great achievement was to prove through daily action that society can have an economic system that is neither Capitalism nor Socialism, based upon the daily persuit of new ideas, treating working people on the same standard as he treated himself and his family, seeing the necessity of working to spread the abilities of all creativities, and then creating a realm of practical, humane realization, of the dreams, experiments, untried ideas and making “The Unknown and The Yet-to-be-Done” into a friendly place all as part of the daily commerce of human life.

Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 to June 1, 1968) was born and raised in Tuscumbia Alabama. At the age of 19 months she contracted a disease that left her both deaf and blind. Her story is well known, she went through a difficult and amazing process of learning how to talk, think, write, understand herself and understand other people. Helen Keller went on to match her innermost and secluded world with the daily worlds of the human swarm that populates the Earth, and then surpassed that to conceptualize and do actual work for the betterment of humanity. On September 14, 1964, US President Lyndon B. Johnson awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom,and in 1965 she was elected to the National Women’s Hall of Fame at the New York World’s Fair.

E. Haldeman-Julius (July 30, 1889 to July 31, 1951) Who was the creator of the Haldeman-Julius Little Blue Books that were publications of classic literature and serious available literature from Science to Greek Tragedy. The books wer printed on cheap pulp paper with plain blue covers just listing the title and author and a catelogue number. They were small enough to fit in a shirt or pants pocket and in 1919 cost 25 cents.

Hugo Gernsback (August 16, 1884 to August 19, 1967) Who, single-handedly created a publishing industry of more than 55 magazines that spanned many fields, including The entire field of Electronics, Sexology, his newly created field of Science Fiction, Science, Technology, Dreams, and so on. At the 1960 World Science Fiction Convention , his last profound words were: Please remember, that in all you do and all you have to do, keep alive Your Sense of Wonder.

Rod Serling (December 25, 1924 to June 28, 1975) Who single-handedly, brought all aspects of Gernsback’s Sense of Wonder into the realm of television and thus electronic learning. He opened up the Quantum-World and the Mystical Worlds to millions of people with his Twilight Zone and Night Gallery shows.

Riley Russel Ballard (June 3, 1944 to April 12, 1975) – a distant relative & amazing poet & artist whose conversations and insights created many new ideas that in various ways have been updated and used here.

Sir Arthur C. Clark (16 December 1917 to 19 March 2008) Who left behind any and all Earth-Centric Philosophy & Cosmology and went pioneered a highly intelligent Solar systemic-Galactic-Universe-Based Philosophy and made it accessible to all thinking, feeling humanity.

Allan Ginsberg (June 3, 1926 to April 5, 1997). Originally a student and a worker on Madison Avenue (for a short while), Ginsberg became one of the great 20th century poets. With Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, and others, he co-created the movement called The Beat Generation. Born from this movement were The Beatniks and the Hippies. Ginsberg is the virtual father of Guerilla Marketing, Modern Underground Publishing, and Promotion of Radical Movements as invested with spiritual, psychological, and artistic aspects. Also, he promoted the psychedelic findings of Drs Timother Leary and Richard Alpert, into a new public realm of psychological explanation. He was “tirelessly persistent in protesting censorship, imperial politics, and persecution of the powerless. (Helen Vendler, literary critic).

Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 to July 27, 1946) She was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. Her father, was an executive with a railroad, whose investments in streetcar lines and real estate had made the family wealthy. When she was three years old, the Steins relocated for business reasons in Vienna, Austria and then in Paris, France. Later, the family returned to America and settled in Oakland, . and then to Paris. She studied philosophy with William James at Radcliffe College and medicine at John Hopkins University. In 1904, she moved to France, where she spent most of her life as a writer and patron of the arts. She met and spent the rest of her life with her lover, Alice B. Toklas. Stein was the first person to directly invade the psychological realm of written and spoken words, discovering that language was a living multi-dimensional power. The will be much to learn from her work for centuries to come. Many 20th century writers, have taken and used some one aspect of her brilliant writings. Dance a clean dream and an extravagant turn up, secure the steady rights and translate more than translate the authority, show the choice and make no more mistakes than yesterday.”from from Tender Buttons (1914).

Spencer Trask (September 18, 1844 to December 31, 1909). A relative. He lived his life as a financier, philanthropist, venture-capitalist, patron of the arts, supporter of humanitarian causes, and a supporter od education for all people. Among his many achievements, he was the main investor for Thomas Edison’s invention of the light bulb and his electrical network, and for 14 years was president of the New York Edison Company, and an original trustee of the Edison Electric Light Company. Additionally, he was involved in the investment support for the Edison cylinder phonograph, and the Marconi Wireless Telegraph, and the automobile. In 1896, he saved the New York Times from bankruptcy, reorganized it and was its chairman. During his lifetime he and his wife Katrina, took their Saratoga NY mansion and its grounds and turned it into Yaddo, a retreat for working artists, writers, and musicians, and is still in operation today.

Irene Castle (April 17, 1893 to January 25, 1969) Born Irene Foote. During the years 1910 to 1918, she and her husband, revolutionized dancing by creating the dances of the Fox Trot and the Maxixe, as well as pioneering close dancing as a publicly acceptable form of dancing, and Irene really developing the first modern clothing for women, that she used not only in dancing, But as daily wear as well. For the first time, womens bodies were presented in the daily public world , as their bodies really were in looks, motion, and in pose. Their dancing to Ragtime & Jazz, pushed Jazz music traveling with James Reese Europe’s Black Orchestra, maintained as their house manager, a completely out lesbian. Irene Castle championed lesbian right, animal rights, created the flapper look 10 years before the 1920ss, created modern fashion advertisement, continued to innovate in fashion design, and created the first modern styles for advertising cigars, cosmetics shoes, & hats.

George Melies (December 8, 1861 to January 21, 1938) ,Full name Marie-Georges-Jean MAs. He was a stage magician who, around the year 1896, discovered the motion picture camera. He created many special effects, including the stop trick (visual substitutions), multiple exposures, time-lapse, dissolves, the subtleties of scenery. He directed 531 films between 1896 and 1914, ranging from one to forty minutes. All his films contained impossible events, such as objects disappearing or changing size. His most famous film i\has always been A Trip To The Moon (1902). He was awarded the Legion d’Honneur.

Pierre Schaeffer (August 14, 1910 to August 19, 1995) Born Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer was a French composer, writer, novelist, broadcaster, engineer, musicologist, acoustician and deeply involved with music, literature, and lab experimentation with sound. He was really the first person to explore all aspects of sound and what were the realities of combining sound with sound. He was the real developer of Electronic Music and modern studio techniques of altering, organizing, and recording sound.

Alain Robbe Grillet ( August 18, 1922 – 18 February 18, 2008) A friend. Trained as an agricultural engineer and a customs inspector, he went on to develop a writing and cinema creation style that displayed and developed, novels and films, as explanatory of reality itself being a continuous and endless shifting of simultaneous parallel dimensions and time frames, experienced clearly in his novel In The Labyrinth and his film (with Alain Renais) Last Year AT Marienbad. Robbe-Grillet was elected a member of the Academie Francais on March 25, 2004.

Laszlo Moholy-Nagy (July 20, 1895 to November 24, 1946) Born in Hungary. He was the most inventive of the Bauhaus teachers. He was a master of photography, typography, printmaking, industrial design, motion picture special effects, sculpture, design theory and recognition, design psychology, and the dynamics of human sight. He was a proficient writer and his most famous and instructive book book was The New Vision. Moholy-NAgy also pioneered modern showroom design and layout design, and was instrumental in the design of the modern fountain pen and detroit automobiles. His work was so advanced for its time, that even now, in many ways, he still, is ahead of his time.

Dziga Vertov : Born David Abelevich Kaufman in Bialystock, Russia (January2, 1896 – February 12, 1954). HE was a precocious child learning music at the Bialystok Conservatory, and also writing, poetry, satire, and science fiction. During 1916-1917, he studied Psychoneurological Institute in Saint Petersburg, also experimenting with sound collages. He took the name “Dziga Vertoc” which translates as “Spinning Top”. At this point he began working for Kino-Pravada making newsreels. As time went on Vertov wanted to capture what he called “Film Truth” using fragmented pictures, fast and slow montage, and unusual juxtapositions of “Event-Pictures’ and daily people. Nothing was staged. The camera was hidden. One time he sid that it was his mission to “Explode Art’s Tower of Babel and destroy “Institutional Modes of Representation. Even now much of Vertov’s film techniques are used, but not with the insight with which he created these techniques.

Anne-Josephe Theroigne de Mericourt (born Anne-Josephe Terwagne; August 13, 1762 to June 9, 1817): Born at Marcourt, Luxembourg Province and educated at the Convent of Robermont, By 1782, she was a mesmerizing woman who was brilliant, quick-witted, eloquent, and incredibly beautiful. She became deeply involved and very public in her public statements for creating new political structures that promised and delivered Fraternity, Liberty, & Equality, following Voltaire’s footsteps of using vocalized and published ideas as being stronger and more influential than simply rioting groups. In 1790, she became a regular speaker at the clubs of Paris, and at the National Assembly, she would interrupt speech makers to demand women’s rights and legal enlistment of women into the French Army. Now known as La Belle Liegeoise, dressing in riding habits, a plumed hats, and carrying a sword and pistol, also she was called The Fury of the Gironde, being instrumental in destroying Robespierre and his Reign of Terror. During the final days of May, the Jacobins, seized her, stripped her naked, and flogged her at the Tuileries. They beat her into delirium. Now, refusing clothing, she lived naked and lived as a recluse in a private house until 1800, when she was confined in an asylum until her death. Her place in history is that of a brilliant woman who never compromised, never stopped fighting for human rights, women’s rights, rights of free assembly, and sexual rights. Others had touched on these areas, but she was the first to live everyday of her life with no compromise or enforced docile behavior at all. In her last 17 years, did she write anything? This question remains unanswered.

Alexander M. McColl (December 18, 1926 – February 1, 2009); Mentor. He was and is the best example of teaching children on the higest and truest level as well as doing the same thing, with teaching “How to Use Your Own Thought” and “How to Listen to Others” and “How to Observe New Things” continually. When annoyed her would say: “Go Take a Dip in the Danube!”

Richard Plant (born Richard Plaut July 22, 1910 – March 3, 1998) Mentor. A German-American writer. Under his own name, he wrote a number of children’s books, and with 2 other authors, he collaborated on a series of detective novels published under the collective name of Stefan Brockhoff. When the Nazis to power in Germany in 1933 and instituted the enforcement all provisions of Paragraph 175 of the criminal code against homosexuality, he fled Germany with his lover Oskar Seidlin. 1935: Now in Switzerland, he earned a doctorate at the University of Basle by writing a dissertation about Arthur Schnitzler, the Austrian author whose novels and plays dealt frankly with all aspects of human sexuality. He wrote a series of children’s books and treatises And with 2 other writers, collaborated on a series of detective stories. From 1947 to 1973, Plant taught at both the City University of New York and at the New School for Social Research, where his incredible expertise on modern German Literature, (especially Franz Kafka) and his firsthand knowledge of the Weimer Republic and Berlin’s theatre, arts, and nightlife, was an ongoing unique teaching event in the knowledge of modern arts. In 1986, he published his most well known book, The Pink Triangle:The Nazi War Against Homosexuals. His great expertise on the decade-lived renaissance of Europe during the 1920s, was seminal in preserving this knowledge which can be put to use today.

Frank Wigglesworth (March 3, 1918 – 1996) Personal Mentor. A composer and teacher whose music was an important part of New York’s new-music landscape from the 1950s onwards,. Wigglesworth composed in his own self-created style merging extremes of lyricism and atonality. His “Summer Scenes” (1951) is a pastoral work for flute, oboe and string orchestra., while his dance work “Ballet for Esther Brooks” (1961), uses percussion and polytonality, and his opera, “The Willowdale Handcar” (based on the book by Edward Gorey 1969), is a rhythmically complex with free atonality. He studied the violin and viola as a child, later studying with Otto Luening, Henry Cowell and Ernest White at Columbia University and Converse College in Spartanburg, S.C. From the 1940’s on, he combined his composing with a career as a teacher, editor, administrator and performer. . In the 1940s, he joined the faculty of the Greenwich House Music School, where he studied with and worked with the avant-garde composer Edgar Varese. In 1947 ,he joined the faculty of Columbia University, and in 1954, after spending four years in Europe as a recipient of the Prix de Rome, he began teaching at Queens College and the New School for Social Research. He was appointed chairman of the music department at the New School in 1965. His orchestral works includes 3 Symphonies (1953, 1958 and 1960), the dark-hued, harmonically ambiguous “Telesis” (1950), a Concertino (1965) and “Sea Winds” (1984, and incidental music for a production of “Hamlet” in 1960, and a ballet, “Young Goodman Brown” (1951).

Honore de Balzac (May 20, 1799 to August 18, 1850) Novelist & playwright. His Human Comedy collected in 15 volumes was his great masterpiece of short stories and short novels placed into a sequence showing all human life and social groups as a panorama which defines a more true realitty than that of planned systems being used as both definition and a rule book for behaviour. His masterful use of creating multi-faceted situations inside of living characters and beyond the lives of these characters, made him “the father of realism.” His ability to create characters according to individual psychologies rather than according to a plan for explanation, made him the father of the psychological story and also of the beginnings of stream-of-consciousness. As a backdrop, he used the visual, historic, and psychological complexity of the City of Paris.

Charles Baudelaire (April 9, 1821 to August 31, 1867) Poet, critic, essayist, literary inventor of the prose poem, and first translator (into French) of the works of Edgar Allan Poe. Basically, he created the entire realm of modern poetry, and removed the limited number of “proper ideational attitudes and began using all forms of writing in very new ways. He talked of everyday life, decadence, the complexities and contradictions of morals. He played sound against form, and symbols against sound and he used verbs to imply simultaneous vision within parallel time frames. He was the first person and first voice of the psychology of the modern western city. He was the first and creational voice of the modern city, and he reinvented the realm and abilities of what became modern poetry.

Isidore Lucien Ducasse (April 4, 1846 to November 24, 1870), a Uruguayan-born French poet and child genius. Very little is known about his short life. He was born in Montevideo, Uruguay. His father was A French consular officer. In 1851 as a 5-year old child he experienced the the Siege of Montevideo in the Argentine-Uruguayan war. He could speak, Spanish, French, & English. In October 1859, he was sent to school in France, studying French Education and Current Technologies at the Imperial Lycee in Tarbes. In 1863, he studied rhetoric and Philosophy, also excelling in mathematics, and fine arts. He read and became fascinated with the works of Edgar Allan Poe, Shelley & Byron, Alfred de Musset, Sophocles, and above all, Charles Baudelaire. After he graduated, he moved to Tarbes where he lived with his lover Georges Dazet, the son of his guardian. Here he set to work to become a published writer. In the Spring 1869, with the publication of his only book, Maldoror, Ducasse began to move continually from one apartment to another. Fifteen months later he died. His work was completely forgotten until 1917, when French writer Phillippe Soupault unearthed a copy of Les Chants de Maldoror while browsing in the mathematics section of a small Parisian bookshop. Very quickly, Ducasse became the Father of the Surrealist Movement. His great contribution was to dare to explore the dangers held within the human subconscious minds and to neutralize these dangers, by using an unflinching and direct poetic vision.

James Clerk Maxwell (June 13, 1831 to November 15, 1879) . A theoretical physicist and mathematician who was the main formulator of classical electromagnetic theory, thus uniting all the previously unrelated ideas and fields of all unrelated observations, experiments and equations concerning electricity, magnetism and optics into one consistent theory Known now as Maxwell’s Equations he proved electricity, magnetism, and light exist as manifestations of the one phenomena that is the electromagnetic field. Maxwell showed that electric & magnetic fields travel as waves through space and they all travel at a constant speed, the speed of light. In 1864, he wrote his A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field, in which he stated that light travels in undulations in the exact same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena. Also, he developed the Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution which is a statistical means of describing aspects of the kinetic theory of gases. Maxwell’s breakthroughs led others into the realm of special relativity and of quantum mechanics. Also, he created the very first color photograph.

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 to August 25, 1900). A philosopher, classical philologist, poet, analyst, social critic, pre-psychologist, religion critique, & music critic. He is considered the father of psychology, existentialism, and also the postmodern movement of Michel Foucault. At the core of these ideas was Life Affirmation, and the presentation of the poetic energy and philosophical thought that a person should honestly question the value and use of any doctrines and/or beliefs that drain life’s growth and useful developmental energies, even at the risk of attacking theses doctrines within a realm in which these doctrines are widely accepted. His major works include: The Birth of Tragedy; On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense; The Gay Science; Thus Spoke Zarathustra; Twilight of the Gods; The Antichrist; Ecce Homo.

Edward Carpenter (August 29, 1844 to June 28, 1929) Born in Hove, England. Poet, Anthropologist, Socialist, Cosmologist, Historian, Philosopher, & Gay Activist. He was instrumental in the foundation of the Fabian Society and the British Labour Party, and was a close friend and sometime lover of the American poet, Walt Whitman. He was both friend and ongoing correspondent and influence with Annie Besant, Isadora Duncan, Havelock Ellis, Roger Fry, Mahatma Gandhi, James Keir Hardie, J. K. Kinney, Jack London, George Merrill, E. D. Morel, William Morris, E. R. Pease, John Ruskin, and Olive Schreiner. His major books include: The Religious Influence of Art; Towards Democracy; Modern Money Lending; Civilization: Its Cause and Cure; Homogenic Love in a Free Society; Sex Love in a Free Society; Marriage in a Free Society; Non-government society; The Intermediate Sex. Carpenter pioneered the exploration of mind for understanding sexuality. Also, he proposed that civilization is a form of disease that human societies pass through, and that civilizations rarely last more than a thousand years before collapsing, further, that no society has ever passed through civilisation successfully. He proposed in detail that closer association with the whole of ecology and a much greater public desire to emphasise self-exploration for reaching greater self-understanding, was the only cure for this situation.

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (February 26, 1861 to 30 March 30, 1925) : Born in Donji Kraljevec, Croatia. Philosopher, Mystic, Spiritualist, Alchemist, Literary Critic, Social & Educational Planner, and Architect. Founder of Anthroposophy which was closely related to sociology, an esoteric philosophy growing out of European transcendentalism, european mysticism, and theosophy. Steiner led this movement through several phases. In the first, more philosophically oriented phase, During 1907, he began working in collaborative efforts , pioneering new ideas about architecture, dance (eurythmy), theatre, He devised a new school system and teaching process that still exists today.(The Waldorf Schools). Also, he was involved with groups working in the fields of biodynamic agriculture, and anthroposophical medicine. Thinking is no more and no less an organ of perception than the eye or ear. Just as the eye perceives colours and the ear sounds, so thinking perceives ideas. Steiner pioneered the idea that for all humans at all times, there is no limit whatsoever to what they can learn, and there is no limit to the human realm of knowledge itself.

Aleister Crowley aka Edward Alexander Crowley (12 October 12, 1875 to 1 December 1, 1947), Also aka Frater Perdurabo and The Great Beast. HE was a classical scholar, a poet and writer, English occultist, ceremonial magician, editor and publisher, mountain climber, painter, psychopharmacologist, and sexual revolutionist. It has been said that he also acted as a spy for the British Government, but this remains unproved. Some of his writings include: The Book of the Law; Book 4; Clouds Without Water, Konx Om Pax, 777, The Book of Lies, Liber Aleph, White Stains, and many others. His motto was: Do What Thou Wilt, Shall be the Whole of the Law. In 2002, a BBC poll named him as the seventy-third greatest Briton of all time. In this connection there was also the point that I was anxious to prove that spiritual progress did not depend on religious or moral codes, but was like any other science. Magick would yield its secrets to the infidel and the libertine, just as one does not have to be a churchwarden in order to discover a new kind of orchid. There are, of course, certain virtues necessary to the Magician; but they are of the same order as those which make a successful chemist. (Aleister Crowley)

Flight (he was a close friend of Charles A. Lindburg). He was born in the Independent Country of Tsalagihi Ayeli, which was an historic and legal autonomous nation that existed from 1794 until its planned legal destruction by the Curtis Act passed by the American U. S. Senate during 1989, and officially dissolved in 1906. He died with aviator Wiley Post, when their small airplane crashed near Barrow, Alaska. Rogers was the first person to fully use and exploit the media as not only an educational tool, and a vehicle for independent promotion of the individual, but also, as a way to inject truth and analytic thinking into the collective consciousness of humanity. The average citizen knows only too well that it makes no difference to him which side wins. He realizes that the Republican elephant and the Democratic donkey have come to resemble each other so closely that it is practically impossible to tell them apart; both of them make the same braying noise, and neither of them ever says anything. The only perceptible difference is that the elephant is somewhat the larger of the two.

Michael Arlen ; Dikran Kouyoumdjian (November 16, 1895 to June 23, 1956). Of Armenian dicent; original name Dikran Kouyoumdjian, born in Rousse, Bulgaria. Novelist, essayist, scriptwriter, playwright, and socialite. He attended Malvern College and then enrolled as a medical student at the University of Edinburgh. During World War I, he was considered suspicious as an alien, and to make friends moved into a circel that included Aldous Huxley, D. H. Lawrence, Nancy Cunard, & George Moore. He began writing. During the 1920s, his books became very popular with themes as diverse as society dramas, gothic horror, science fiction, and commentary. Also during the 1920s and 1930s, he became quite well known in Hollywood for his script writing and worked with many classic stars. His books include: The London Venture (Heinemann, 1920); Piracy (1922); The Green Hat (1924); Young Men in Love (1927); Lily Christine (1929); Men Dislike Women (1931); Man’s Mortality (1933); Hell! Said the Duchess (1934); The Flying Dutchman (1939); and others. As a writer, Arlen did something that had never been done before. He created a linear, progressive storyline that included non-linear time sequences, attached to linear-time sequences that were both objective and subjective simultaneously a major tour de force that reinvented the hard storyline novel, that no one had ever done before and has not done since, And, amazingly, all of this complexity is virtually invisible to the reader, as the reader is totally involved within the story line.

Ma Rainey aka Gertrude Melissa Nix Pridgett Rainey (April 26, 1886 to December 22, 1939) She began performing publicly as a singer, sometime between 1898 and 1901. She married Will Rainey in 1904 and they toured with the very famous F. S. Wolcott’s Rabbit Foot Minstrels, Later forming their own group, the Assassinators of the Blues. In 1924 she embarked on a tour of the Theater Owners Bookers Association (TOBA) throughout the South and Midwest United States performing and singing for both black and white audiences. From her first recording, Barrel House Blues on the Paramount label in 1923, until her last recording in 1928, she recorded 100 songs. She continued to tour until 1935, when she retired in her hometown of Rome, Georgia. Ma Rainey was a remarkable singer and author of blues music. More than any of the others, she was THE person who created the various related blues formats, and wrote the famous song See See Rider. She was the seminal creator of the Blues form of music. Before her, the word Blues is used, but the music is not “blues” and is either sophisticated band music, major-switch-minor ballads, or vaudeville singing. She created a whole new and amazing musical form.

Hugh Ferriss (1889 to 1962) American architect and delineator (A person who creates perspective drawings of buildings for architects). His work was copied by Thea von Harbou (with Fritz Lang) for her 1927 film, Metropolis . Also, he designed backgrounds for comic books, notably, Gotham City for Batman, as well as being Frank Miller’s forerunner of magnificent Gothic cityscapes. Ferris studied at Washington University (St. Louis, Missouri). As a delineator, his task was to create a perspective drawing of a building or project. This was done either as part of the sales process for a project, or, more commonly, to advertise or promote the project to a wider audience. Thus, his drawings frequently were destined for annual shows or advertisements. During 1912, he moved to New York City, NY, and became a delineator for the architect Cass Gilbert. Ferris created the original drawings for the Woolworth Building and other sites. In 1914, he married Dorothy Laphan, an editor and artist for the magazine, Vanity Fair. With help from Gilbert, in 1915, Ferriss set up an independent business as architectural delineator, and his work was eagerly sought. As a result of this his works were often published (rather than just given to the architect’s client) and Ferriss acquired a reputation. After he had set up as a free-lance artist he found himself much sought after.His architectural and architechtonic drawings. By 1920, Ferriss had created his own design style that was both a mix and blend of futurism, neo-goth, and ancient world. Most of his drawings had a nighttime atmosphere, complete with spotlight and shadow areas. Ferriss’s illustrations had not yet developed his signature dark, moody appearance. His work has (and still does have) a quality of creating emotion in the viewer’s mind. His drawings began to appear almost everywhere, in magazines such as Century, The Christian Science Monitor, Harper’s Magazine, and Vanity Fair. During 1916, New York City created new, stringent zoning laws to counteract the (then) current trend for buildings to occupy the whole of their lot and go straight up as far as was possible. Because many architects found the laws hard to understand or visualize, in 1922, the architect Harvey Wiley Corbett (January 8, 1873- April 21, 1954), an American architect advocating building skyscrapers in New York City and London, England , contracted for Ferriss to draw a series of four step-by-step perspectives revealing the look that these new zoning laws force into creation. In 1929, these drawings were collected and published as the book , The Metropolis of Tomorrow, graphically showing the architectural consequences of the zoning law. There now exists the annual Hugh Ferriss Memorial Prize & Medal, awarded for architectural rendering excellence. Ferriss’ vision of the Modern City, is still way over the heads of the many non-futuristic city planners.

John Vassos (1898 – December 6, 1985) was a noted American industrial designer and graphic designer. Vassos was born in Romania to Greek parents, as a child lived in Istanbul, Turkey. During WW I, he served in the British Navy, During 1919, he moved to Boston, Massachusetts where, at night, he attended the Fenway Art School (Fenway Studios), in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. 1924 he moved to New York City. He created his own studios, making store window displays, murals, and advertising banners. At the same time, he attended, The Art Students League of New York, studying with John Sloan, and many other note artists. In this same year, he invaded the realm of industrial design. His designs included a lotion bottle that could be used as a hidden hip flask for liquor (prohibition was in effect), Then, in 1933, he literally exploded with great working industrial art, to wit: he designed the widely popular Peevy turnstile still used today in most subway stations; a streamlined paring knife; Hohner accordions; computers, an electron microscope, corporate logos, and shotguns. During the years n 1927-1935, Vassos was also a creative, original author who illustrated his own books, and also collaborated with his wife. These books include; Vassos designed the cabinets of the RCA Corporation’s first commercially available television set. At the 1939 World’s Fair Exhibit, he designed TV cabinet in transparent Lucite plastic, as well as futuristic combined entertainment systems of various combinations of radio, television, and record players housed together within one cabinet. His industrial design work last for more than 40 years and included the design for RCA’s first color television camera.